oil

n. & v.
—n.
1 any of various thick, viscous, usu. inflammable liquids insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents (see also essential oil, fixed oil, mineral oil, volatile oil).
2 US petroleum.
3 (in comb.) using oil as fuel (oil-heater).
4 a (usu. in pl.) = oil-paint. b colloq. a picture painted in oil-paints.
5 (in pl.) = OILSKIN.
—v.
1 tr. apply oil to; lubricate.
2 tr. impregnate or treat with oil (oiled silk).
3 tr. & intr. supply with or take on oil as fuel.
4 tr. & intr. make (butter, grease, etc.) into or (of butter etc.) become an oily liquid.
Phrases and idioms:
oil-bird a guacharo. oil drum a metal drum used for transporting oil. oiled silk silk made waterproof with oil. oil engine an engine driven by the explosion of vaporized oil mixed with air. oil-fired using oil as fuel. oil a person's hand (or palm) bribe a person. oil-lamp a lamp using oil as fuel. oil-meal ground oilcake. oil of vitriol see VITRIOL. oil-paint (or -colour) a mix of ground colour pigment and oil. oil-painting
1 the art of painting in oil-paints.
2 a picture painted in oil-paints. oil-palm either of two trees, Elaeis guineensis of W. Africa, or E. oleifera of the US, from which palm oil is extracted. oil-pan an engine sump. oil-paper a paper made transparent or waterproof by soaking in oil. oil-press an apparatus for pressing oil from seeds etc. oil rig a structure with equipment for drilling an oil well. oil-sand a stratum of porous rock yielding petroleum. oil-seed any of various seeds from cultivated crops yielding oil, e.g. rape, peanut, or cotton. oil-shale a fine-grained rock from which oil can be extracted. oil-slick a smooth patch of oil, esp. one on the sea. oil-tanker a ship designed to carry oil in bulk. oil one's tongue say flattering or glib things. oil well a well from which mineral oil is drawn. oil the wheels help make things go smoothly. well oiled colloq. very drunk.
Derivatives:
oilless adj.
Etymology: ME oli, oile f. AF, ONF olie = OF oile etc. f. L oleum (olive) oil f. olea olive

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oil — (oil), n. [OE. oile, OF. oile, F. huile, fr. L. oleum; akin to Gr. ?. Cf. {Olive}.] Any one of a great variety of unctuous combustible substances, more viscous than and not miscible with water; as, olive oil, whale oil, rock oil, etc. They are of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Oil — Oil, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Oiled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Oiling}.] To smear or rub over with oil; to lubricate with oil; to anoint with oil. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Oil — For other uses, see Oil (disambiguation). An oil is any substance that is liquid at ambient temperatures and does not mix with water but may mix with other oils and organic solvents. This general definition includes vegetable oils, volatile… …   Wikipedia

  • oil — I. noun Usage: often attributive Etymology: Middle English oile, from Anglo French, from Latin oleum olive oil, from Greek elaion, from elaia olive Date: 13th century 1. a. any of numerous unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or can be …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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  • Oil bag — Oil Oil (oil), n. [OE. oile, OF. oile, F. huile, fr. L. oleum; akin to Gr. ?. Cf. {Olive}.] Any one of a great variety of unctuous combustible substances, more viscous than and not miscible with water; as, olive oil, whale oil, rock oil, etc.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Oil beetle — Oil Oil (oil), n. [OE. oile, OF. oile, F. huile, fr. L. oleum; akin to Gr. ?. Cf. {Olive}.] Any one of a great variety of unctuous combustible substances, more viscous than and not miscible with water; as, olive oil, whale oil, rock oil, etc.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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